What is a Schedule K-1 tax form?


The United States tax code allows certain types of entities to use indirect taxation. This effectively transfers the income tax from the entity that earns the income to those with a beneficial interest in it. Annex K-1 is the form that reports the amounts that are transmitted to each party that has an interest in the entity.

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K-1 Forms for Business Partnerships

For businesses that operate as partnerships, it is the partners who are responsible for paying taxes on the income of the business, not the business. Each partner is responsible for filing an individual tax return showing their share of the income, losses, tax deductions, and tax credits that the business reported on informative tax form 1065. Therefore, the business partner persons must prepare a Schedule K-1 to report each partner’s share of these tax items.

  • The K-1s are provided to the IRS with the partnership’s tax return and also to each partner so that they can add the information to their own tax returns.
  • For example, if a business earns $ 100,000 in taxable income and has four equal partners, each partner should receive a K-1 with $ 25,000 in income on it.

Annex K-1 for S corporations

Similar to a partnership, S corporations must file an annual tax return on Form 1120S. Company S provides Schedule K-1 which reports each shareholder’s share of income, losses, deductions and credits. Shareholders use the information on the K-1 to report the same on their separate tax returns.

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K-1 forms for beneficiaries of trusts and estates

Trusts and estates use Form 1041 to file their income tax returns. In some cases, the trust pays income tax on its income rather than passing it on to the beneficiaries. However, some trusts and estates pass the income on to the beneficiaries.

  • In this case, beneficiaries receive a K-1 which indicates the income they must report on their own tax returns.
  • Whenever a beneficiary receives an income distribution, the trust or estate declares a deduction of the same amount on their 1041.
  • This prevents the trust or estate from being taxed on that income, so the income is only taxed once.

Annex K-1 Reports

Schedule K-1 is slightly different depending on whether it is from a trust, partnership, or S corporation. However, all K-1s provide detailed information on the type of income, tax deduction or loss so you can accurately report the information on your tax return.

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